Archive for the ‘islam’ Category
Posted by Abd Al Mustafa on Saturday 11th August, 2012
It will not be surprising to hear that, the bright eyed person who sighted the new hilal for ramadan on the 19th of july will once again step forward and claim the sighting of the new hilal for shawwal on the 18th of August. For hanafis living in the UK/USA, it will be very interesting to note the rule of “jamee ghafeer”. Which is, when the skies are clear with no obstruction, the sighting must be confirmed by a large number of people. According to Imam Abu Yusuf (RA), a minimum of 50 people must have reported the sighting.
Firstly, the sighting in saudi on the 19th of july 2012 was claimed by one unknown individual despite the fact that the officials assigned to the task (almost 60 in total thru out saudi) with hi-tech equipment were unable to make any positive sightings.
without doubt, saudis will be asked to attempt to sight the moon on the 17th of august. it will be impossible to make a sighting in saudi on that date, so it will be confirmed that ramadan will complete 30 days and nobody will bother to check whether the moon is visible on the following day. however, according to hanafi fiqh if the moon is not sighted on the 30th of ramadan, then without doubt the sighting of 19th july was false or a mistake. In this situation, what does hanafi fiqh advise..?
If the people begin Ramadan based on the testimony of a single person, and then they complete THIRTY DAYS of fasting and thereafter no one sees the moon of EID AL-FITR even though the sky is clear, it is not permitted for them to cease fasting (which is the view agreed upon in the Madhhab. This means that the person who first witnessed the moon of Ramadan was mistaken, and that it was not Ramadan. hence, they are to fast this day also. ie. their 1st ramadan does not count as a fast of ramadan).
Scholars however differed on, if Ramadan was established on the testimony of two upright persons (and then thirty days are completed and yet no one sees the moon for Eid al-Fitr even though the sky is clear); do they fast another day? Or do they celebrate Eid al- Fitr?
Many experts held that they are to fast another day, because the fact that the moon is not observed on a clear day is proof of their mistake.
what will our hanafi brothers and sisters living in the UK/USA say on this.? we all shout and scream about adhering to the hanafi madhaab, but on such issues all we hear is silence.
Posted in awliya allah, bangla, bangladesh, bengali, deoband, deobandi, eid, events, fiqh, forums, fultali, fultholi, general, hadith, hajj, hilaal, hilal, islam, madina, makkah, masjid, moonsighting, mosque, muslim, news, polemics, quran, ramadhan, religion, scholars, signs of allah, sufi, sufism, sylhet, sylheti, tabligh, tablighi, the prophet, ummah, unity, wahabi | Tagged: 1433ah, barelwi, brelvi, conferences and seminars, crescent moon, deoband, deobandi, eid, eid al fitr, fitna, following saudi, hilaal, hilal, ibn taymiyyah, islam, moon, moon sighting, moonsighting, muslim, muslims in the uk, najdi, ramadan, ramadhan, religion, saudi, saudi moon, scholars, sighting of the new moon, sunni, wahabi, yusuf qardawi | Leave a Comment »
Posted by Abd Al Mustafa on Wednesday 1st August, 2012
Allah (SWT) gave me a chance to work and stay in Saudi Arabia for about 5 years (1416-1421H / 1995-2000). I wanted to use my stay to find out about the system for Hilaal sighting there, and to check my personal sighting attempts there. I also wanted to find more about the “UmmUlQura Calendar”. First, as was perhaps expected, I found that most local people had no idea of any mistakes in the Saudi announcements for Hilaal, and an extremely small percentage of my local Saudi practicing Muslim friends had ever attempted to sight the Hilaal in their life. Then Alhamduilillaah I was able to meet some Astronomers and also find that the UmmUlQura Calendar is designed in KACST – the prestigious King Abdul Aziz University for Science and Technology in Riyadh. UmmUlQura Calendar.
The local Astronomers brothers I met were very warm and welcoming. I found that there has been a major change in the UmmUlQura Calendar computation criteria starting 1420H. Before that year, the UmmUlQura calendar was based on Greenwich and not Makkah. Also it was based on the dark invisible Astronomical new moon being born. Thus it was totally different from the actual Hilaal observation. Starting about 1420H, the new criterion is that the Moonset be after Sunset in Makkah (even by one second). Starting 1423H Insha’Allaah it will again change slightly to directly take the astronomical new moon (conjunction) also into account. But the main input I got was that the UmmUlQura calendar was for CIVIL use only, and NOT for predicting the Hilaal for religious dates. The Astronomers were well aware that the moonset needs to be after sunset by a long time, and not just one second (along with other factors) for the Hilaal to be visible. But the point was that the UmmUlQura calendar neither attempts nor claims to predict the Hilaal. It is merely used for the official dates in the Ministries, schools, Saudia Airlines, and indeed all over the country Alhamdulillaah. Also, the local Astronomers were very well aware that there were a LOT of errors in the Saudi announced dates.
Official Saudi Hilaal Sighting Committees
Further, I was found that due to the Saudi Government becoming aware of the complaints of errors in the announced dates, around 1419H, the ruling council ordered the formation of Hilaal sighting committees.
Each such committee includes:
one member of Qada (Islamic Scholar/Justice department),
one member of KACST/Astronomer,
one member of Imarah (ruling council of the city), and
As of 1421H / 2000 there were six such committees in Saudi Arabia – near Makkah, Riyadh, Qassim, Hail, Tabuk and Asir. While they may carry a telescope with them, the official sighting of the committee is with naked eye only. Saudi scholars like Sheikh AlOthaimeen (RH) are against use of telescopes. Sheikh AlOthaimeen (RH) for example indicated that using telescopes increases the “Takalluf” (Burden) on Muslims, which Allaah (SWT) does not want. These official committees seemed to be a wonderful news and excellent solution Alhamdulillaah. So why should there still be a problem ?
Well, the answer is as follows:
The problem is because even though these 6 official Hilaal sighting committees exist, the Justice department still accepts the witness of “any” Muslim and not just the 6 official committees mentioned above. Thus, often the new month is declared while NONE of these 6 official Hilaal sighting committees saw the Hilaal. In fact, most people, including scholars are unaware of the existence of these official committees.
In the case of EidUlFitr 1420H, I myself went with the Makkah committee to a sighting point on a hilltop of Shamesi outside the city of Makkah Mukarramah on Thursday evening. Neither we, nor the other 5 committees sighted the Hilaal. But we came back to the Haram Shareef and were astounded to hear the announcement that EidUlFitr was next day (Friday). In fact moonset was before sunset in Makkah for Thursday evening. In this case the error was quite brazen. Later I learned that Sheikh Yusuf AlQaradawi issued a Fatwa indicating that Muslims who celebrated Eid 1420H on Friday following the Saudi announcement should make up one missed Ramadaan fast………………………….Dr Salman Shaikh
Posted in aqida, awliya allah, bangla, bangladesh, bengali, deoband, deobandi, eid, events, fiqh, fultali, fultholi, general, hadith, hajj, hilaal, hilal, islam, madina, makkah, masjid, moonsighting, mosque, muslim, polemics, quran, ramadhan, religion, signs of allah, sylheti, tabligh, tablighi, the prophet, ummah, unity, wahabi | Tagged: crescent moon, deoband, deobandi, eid, fitna, following saudi, hilaal, hilal, islam, madinah, makkah, moon, moonsighting, muslims in the uk, najdi, ramadan, ramadhan, religion, saudi moon, scholars, sighting of the new moon, taraweeh, tarawih, wahabi, yusuf qardawi | 1 Comment »
Posted by Abd Al Mustafa on Wednesday 1st August, 2012
In recent years this has been a debate that has always popped up from the brothers of the so-called salaf. The debate has been done and dusted but we continue to hear it coming from our dear BORN AGAIN MUSLIM brothers and sisters. So, i thought i’d just put this up anyway.
………the vast MAJORITY of the scholars of hadith, Fiqh, and even the four Mujtahid Imams are in agreement that 20 rak’ahs are the most appropriate, followed by 3 rak’ahs of witr, and this is also the opinion of the Imam of the “Salafiyya”, Ahmad ibn Taymiyya!
……it should be said that the hadith reported from Aisha (Allah be pleased with her) about 11 rak’ahs is not at all to do with taraweeh, according to the majority of scholars, but in fact concerns the number of rak’ahs of TAHAJJUD prayer! [..read on..]
Evidence for 20 rak’ahs of Taraweeh from authentic ahadith
Posted in aqida, awliya allah, bangla, bangladesh, bengali, deoband, deobandi, events, fiqh, general, hadith, hajj, islam, madina, makkah, masjid, mawlid, moonsighting, mosque, muslim, news, poetry & praises, polemics, ramadhan, religion, scholars, shaban, signs of allah, sufi, sufism, sylhet, sylheti, tabligh, tablighi, Tasawwuf, the prophet, umrah, unity, wahabi | Tagged: 1433ah, 8 or 20, albani, deoband, deobandi, fitna, ibn taymiyyah, islam, muslims in the uk, najdi, ramadan, ramadhan, religion, salafi, scholars, taraweeh, tarawih, ummah, wahabi | Leave a Comment »
Posted by Abd Al Mustafa on Friday 27th July, 2012
A little knowledge is dangerous knowledge – when a person has a small amount of knowledge and then pretends to be a shaykh giving lectures and teaching at institutions is the biggest danger to the ummah today. And we have a lot of them in our time. Even if the individual does not say he is a shaykh or an expert, but is invited to conferences and seminars to give talks on the deen and he goes along doing so knowing that he does not have an actual formal education in the field ie. not having studied at an institution or under a shaykh who went on to give him ijazah, is one of the main reasons for the excess amounts of fitna around today.
We find these days many so-called scholars who have been to the university of madinah al-munawwara to study, and have returned to fill imam vacancies. They immediately start to spread their filth. However, when they are approached and a detailed discussion takes way you find that they have no knowledge of hadith or tafsir let alone the principles of fiqh and shariah. You find that they actually went over and learned a bit of arabic (and i say a bit, even their arabic is poor) and memorised a few ahadith. Becoz they fluently recite arabic texts, the laymen immediately assume this person is learned.
A well known scholar ‘Dr Yusuf Qardawi’ said in his book ‘Islamic awakening between Rejection and Extremism’ (pg. 41-3): “Imam al-Shatibi (Rahimahullah) wrote (in his book al-I’tisam, 2. 182-4): ‘Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) was right. When a person knows the reason behind a certain verse or surah, he knows how to interpret it and what its objectives are. However, ignorance of that leads people to misinterpret it and to have different opinions, without an insight and knowledge which could lead them to the truth, and prevent them from indulging ignorantly in such matters with no support or evidence from al Shari’ah, and therefore go astray and lead people astray. This can be demonstrated by what is reported by Ibn Wahab from Bakir who asked Nafi’: What does Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with him) think of al-Haruriyyah (i.e; al-Khawarij who were also called al-Haruriyyah after the place -Harawra- where they gathered and were found by Ali ibn Abu Talib and the Companions of the Prophet [may Allah be pleased with them all] who supported him)? Nafi’ answered: He thinks they are the most evil of people. They applied the verses which pertain to the kuffar on the believers.’ (NB- Imam al-Bukhari has recorded Ibn Umar as saying in his Sahih [vol.9, pg.50; English edn]: These people (the Khawarij and heretics ) took some verses that had been revealed concerning the disbelievers and interpreted them as describing the believers ).
Al-Qardawi also said (pg. 42): One of the causes of such shallowness is that extremists never listen to people who hold different views (and I can personally testify to that), never accept any dialogue with them or imagine that their own views could be tested in the light of others, and may thereby be either accepted or rejected. Most of them have not been taught by reliable Muslim ulama who are specialised in the field. Rather, they have received semi-knowledge directly from books and newspapers without any opportunity for revision or discussion which could test the learner’s understanding and analyze the depth of his knowledge. They simply read, ‘understand’, then deduce what they wish. However, their reading, understanding, and deduction may well be wrong or deficient. There might be someone somewhere who opposes their opinions on stronger and more valid bases, but they are not aware of that because nobody has drawn their attention to such a possibility. These devout young people have ignored the facts that if they want to study al Shari’ah, they must seek the help of reliable Muslim scholars. They cannot venture into this extensive and entangled discipline without the guidance of reliable Muslim scholars who can interpret and explain obscurities, define terms, and point out the relationships between the parts and the whole and also equate similarities. Those who venture into it alone will meet with the same catastrophic results which could certainly befall the unskilled swimmer who ventures into dangerous waters. Proper knowledge of al Shari’ah cannot be perfected without practice and close contact with the experts, especially in those areas where opinions diverge, evidences seem to contradict each other, and certain matters seem to be under suspicion. This is why our venerable ‘ulama’ have warned us not to seek to study and understand al Qur’an al Karim through a person who has only memorized it without any knowledge of its contents, nor to seek knowledge through a person who has acquired his own “knowledge” from reading newspapers and journals only, without being properly instructed by reputable and qualified scholars.” (source)
Posted in aqida, awliya allah, bangla, bangladesh, bengali, deoband, deobandi, eid, events, fiqh, fultali, fultholi, general, hadith, hajj, hilaal, hilal, islam, madina, makkah, masjid, moonsighting, mosque, muslim, news, polemics, quran, ramadhan, religion, scholars, signs of allah, sufi, sufism, sylhet, sylheti, tabligh, tablighi, the prophet, ummah, unity, wahabi | Tagged: albani, arabic texts, conferences and seminars, fitna, islam, islamic awakening between rejection and extremism, muslim, najdi, religion, salafi, scholars, sunni, ummah, wahabi, yusuf qardawi | 2 Comments »
Posted by Abd Al Mustafa on Saturday 21st July, 2012
Posted in aqida, awliya allah, bangla, bangladesh, bengali, deoband, deobandi, eid, events, fiqh, fultali, fultholi, general, hadith, hilaal, hilal, islam, makkah, masjid, moonsighting, mosque, muslim, news, ramadhan, religion, scholars, signs of allah, sylhet, sylheti, tabligh, tablighi, the prophet, umrah, unity, wahabi | Tagged: 1433ah, charity, islam, muslim, ramadan, sadqah | Leave a Comment »