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The Seven Qira’at

Posted by Abd Al Mustafa on Tuesday 7th April, 2009

When reading the Qur’an, we frequently refer to Warsh or Hafs and say, “This is Hafs” or “This is Warsh”. What we mean by that is that this is the riwaya of Warsh or the riwaya of Hafs. It is the riwaya of a particular qira’a. The qira’at or the readings, or methods of recitation, are named after the leader of a school of Qur’an reciters. Each qira’a derives its authority from a prominent leader of recitation in the second or third century hijri who in turn trace their riwaya or transmission back through the Companions of the Prophet (saw). For instance, in the back of a Warsh Qur’an, you are likely to find “the riwaya of Imam Warsh from Nafi’ al-Madini from Abu Ja’far Yazid ibn al-Qa’qa’ from ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas from Ubayy ibn Ka’b from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, from Jibril, peace be upon him, from the Creator.” Or in Hafs you will see “the riwaya of Hafs ibn Sulayman ibn al-Mughira al-Asadi al-Kufi of the qira’a of ‘Asim ibn Abi’n-Nujud al-Kufi from Abu ‘Abdu’r-Rahman ‘Abdullah ibn Habib as-Sulami from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan and ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib and Zayd ibn Thabit and Ubayy ibn Ka’b from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.” These all go back to the Prophet (saw).

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One Response to “The Seven Qira’at”

  1. Maturidi said

    Imam Asim taught Imam Abu Hanifa and Imam Nafi taught Imam Malik. (The Four Imams by Abu Zahra)

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