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:: Abd Al Mustafa's Corner ::

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Posts Tagged ‘religion’

An Interesting Story

Posted by Abd Al Mustafa on Wednesday 1st August, 2012

Allah (SWT) gave me a chance to work and stay in Saudi Arabia for about 5 years (1416-1421H / 1995-2000). I wanted to use my stay to find out about the system for Hilaal sighting there, and to check my personal sighting attempts there. I also wanted to find more about the “UmmUlQura Calendar”. First, as was perhaps expected, I found that most local people had no idea of any mistakes in the Saudi announcements for Hilaal, and an extremely small percentage of my local Saudi practicing Muslim friends had ever attempted to sight the Hilaal in their life. Then Alhamduilillaah I was able to meet some Astronomers and also find that the UmmUlQura Calendar is designed in KACST – the prestigious King Abdul Aziz University for Science and Technology in Riyadh. UmmUlQura Calendar.

The local Astronomers brothers I met were very warm and welcoming. I found that there has been a major change in the UmmUlQura Calendar computation criteria starting 1420H. Before that year, the UmmUlQura calendar was based on Greenwich and not Makkah. Also it was based on the dark invisible Astronomical new moon being born. Thus it was totally different from the actual Hilaal observation. Starting about 1420H, the new criterion is that the Moonset be after Sunset in Makkah (even by one second). Starting 1423H Insha’Allaah it will again change slightly to directly take the astronomical new moon (conjunction) also into account. But the main input I got was that the UmmUlQura calendar was for CIVIL use only, and NOT for predicting the Hilaal for religious dates. The Astronomers were well aware that the moonset needs to be after sunset by a long time, and not just one second (along with other factors) for the Hilaal to be visible. But the point was that the UmmUlQura calendar neither attempts nor claims to predict the Hilaal. It is merely used for the official dates in the Ministries, schools, Saudia Airlines, and indeed all over the country Alhamdulillaah. Also, the local Astronomers were very well aware that there were a LOT of errors in the Saudi announced dates.

Official Saudi Hilaal Sighting Committees

Further, I was found that due to the Saudi Government becoming aware of the complaints of errors in the announced dates, around 1419H, the ruling council ordered the formation of Hilaal sighting committees.

Each such committee includes:

one member of Qada (Islamic Scholar/Justice department),

one member of KACST/Astronomer,

one member of Imarah (ruling council of the city), and

volunteers.

As of 1421H / 2000 there were six such committees in Saudi Arabia – near Makkah, Riyadh, Qassim, Hail, Tabuk and Asir. While they may carry a telescope with them, the official sighting of the committee is with naked eye only. Saudi scholars like Sheikh AlOthaimeen (RH) are against use of telescopes. Sheikh AlOthaimeen (RH) for example indicated that using telescopes increases the “Takalluf” (Burden) on Muslims, which Allaah (SWT) does not want. These official committees seemed to be a wonderful news and excellent solution Alhamdulillaah. So why should there still be a problem ?

Well, the answer is as follows:

The problem is because even though these 6 official Hilaal sighting committees exist, the Justice department still accepts the witness of “any” Muslim and not just the 6 official committees mentioned above. Thus, often the new month is declared while NONE of these 6 official Hilaal sighting committees saw the Hilaal. In fact, most people, including scholars are unaware of the existence of these official committees.

In the case of EidUlFitr 1420H, I myself went with the Makkah committee to a sighting point on a hilltop of Shamesi outside the city of Makkah Mukarramah on Thursday evening. Neither we, nor the other 5 committees sighted the Hilaal. But we came back to the Haram Shareef and were astounded to hear the announcement that EidUlFitr was next day (Friday). In fact moonset was before sunset in Makkah for Thursday evening. In this case the error was quite brazen. Later I learned that Sheikh Yusuf AlQaradawi issued a Fatwa indicating that Muslims who celebrated Eid 1420H on Friday following the Saudi announcement should make up one missed Ramadaan fast………………………….Dr Salman Shaikh

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Posted in aqida, awliya allah, bangla, bangladesh, bengali, deoband, deobandi, eid, events, fiqh, fultali, fultholi, general, hadith, hajj, hilaal, hilal, islam, madina, makkah, masjid, moonsighting, mosque, muslim, polemics, quran, ramadhan, religion, signs of allah, sylheti, tabligh, tablighi, the prophet, ummah, unity, wahabi | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Taraweeh – 8 or 20 rakats..??

Posted by Abd Al Mustafa on Wednesday 1st August, 2012

In recent years this has been a debate that has always popped up from the brothers of the so-called salaf. The debate has been done and dusted but we continue to hear it coming from our dear BORN AGAIN MUSLIM brothers and sisters. So, i thought i’d just put this up anyway.

………the vast MAJORITY of the scholars of hadith, Fiqh, and even the four Mujtahid Imams are in agreement that 20 rak’ahs are the most appropriate, followed by 3 rak’ahs of witr, and this is also the opinion of the Imam of the “Salafiyya”, Ahmad ibn Taymiyya!

……it should be said that the hadith reported from Aisha (Allah be pleased with her) about 11 rak’ahs is not at all to do with taraweeh, according to the majority of scholars, but in fact concerns the number of rak’ahs of TAHAJJUD prayer! [..read on..]

Evidence for 20 rak’ahs of Taraweeh from authentic ahadith

Posted in aqida, awliya allah, bangla, bangladesh, bengali, deoband, deobandi, events, fiqh, general, hadith, hajj, islam, madina, makkah, masjid, mawlid, moonsighting, mosque, muslim, news, poetry & praises, polemics, ramadhan, religion, scholars, shaban, signs of allah, sufi, sufism, sylhet, sylheti, tabligh, tablighi, Tasawwuf, the prophet, umrah, unity, wahabi | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

self-taught scholars – an enemy of the ummah

Posted by Abd Al Mustafa on Friday 27th July, 2012

A little knowledge is dangerous knowledge – when a person has a small amount of knowledge and then pretends to be a shaykh giving lectures and teaching at institutions is the biggest danger to the ummah today. And we have a lot of them in our time. Even if the individual does not say he is a shaykh or an expert, but is invited to conferences and seminars to give talks on the deen and he  goes along doing so knowing that he does not have an actual formal education in the field ie. not having studied at an institution or under a shaykh who went on to give him ijazah, is one of the main reasons for the excess amounts of fitna around today.

We find these days many so-called scholars who have been to the university of madinah al-munawwara to study, and have returned to fill imam vacancies. They immediately start to spread their filth. However, when they are approached and a detailed discussion takes way you find that they have no knowledge of hadith or tafsir let alone the principles of fiqh and shariah. You find that they actually went over and learned a bit of arabic (and i say a bit, even their arabic is poor) and memorised a few ahadith. Becoz they fluently recite arabic texts, the laymen immediately assume this person is learned.

A well known scholar ‘Dr Yusuf Qardawi’ said in his book  ‘Islamic  awakening  between Rejection and Extremism’ (pg.  41-3):  “Imam al-Shatibi (Rahimahullah) wrote (in his book  al-I’tisam,  2.  182-4):  ‘Ibn  Abbas  (Allah  be pleased with him) was right.  When a person knows the reason behind a certain  verse or surah, he knows  how to  interpret  it and what its objectives are.  However, ignorance  of  that  leads people  to misinterpret  it and to have different  opinions,  without an insight and  knowledge  which could lead them to the truth, and prevent  them from indulging ignorantly in such matters with no support or evidence from al Shari’ah,  and  therefore  go astray and lead people  astray. This can be  demonstrated by what is reported by Ibn Wahab from Bakir who asked  Nafi’:  What does Ibn Umar  (Allah  be  pleased  with him) think  of  al-Haruriyyah  (i.e;  al-Khawarij  who  were  also  called al-Haruriyyah  after the place -Harawra- where they gathered and were found by Ali ibn Abu Talib and the  Companions  of the  Prophet  [may Allah be pleased with them all] who supported him)?  Nafi’  answered: He thinks they are the most evil of people.  They  applied the verses which pertain to the kuffar on the believers.’  (NB- Imam  al-Bukhari has recorded Ibn Umar as saying in his Sahih [vol.9,  pg.50;  English edn]:  These  people (the  Khawarij  and  heretics ) took some verses that had been revealed  concerning the  disbelievers  and interpreted them as describing the believers ).

Al-Qardawi also  said  (pg.  42):  One  of  the causes of  such shallowness  is that  extremists  never  listen  to  people  who hold different views (and I can personally  testify to that), never accept any  dialogue  with them or  imagine  that  their own views  could be tested in the light of others, and may thereby be either  accepted or rejected.  Most of them have not been taught by reliable Muslim ulama who  are  specialised  in  the  field.  Rather,  they  have  received semi-knowledge directly  from  books  and  newspapers  without  any opportunity for revision or discussion which could test the learner’s understanding  and analyze the depth of his  knowledge.  They  simply read,  ‘understand’,  then  deduce  what they  wish.  However,  their reading, understanding, and deduction may well be wrong or deficient. There  might be someone  somewhere  who  opposes  their  opinions  on stronger and more valid bases, but they are not aware of that because nobody has drawn their attention to such a possibility.  These devout young  people  have  ignored  the facts that if they want to study al Shari’ah, they must seek the help of reliable Muslim  scholars.  They cannot venture into this extensive and entangled  discipline  without the  guidance of  reliable  Muslim  scholars  who can  interpret  and explain  obscurities,  define terms, and point out the  relationships between the parts and the whole and also equate  similarities.  Those who  venture  into it alone  will  meet  with  the same  catastrophic results  which  could  certainly  befall the  unskilled  swimmer  who ventures  into  dangerous  waters.  Proper  knowledge  of al Shari’ah cannot be  perfected  without  practice  and close  contact  with the experts,  especially in those areas where opinions diverge, evidences seem to contradict  each other, and certain  matters seem to be under suspicion.  This is why our  venerable  ‘ulama’ have warned us not to seek to study and  understand al Qur’an al Karim through a person who has only  memorized it without any knowledge of its contents,  nor to seek knowledge  through a person who has acquired his own “knowledge” from reading  newspapers  and journals  only, without being  properly instructed by reputable and qualified scholars.”  (source)

Posted in aqida, awliya allah, bangla, bangladesh, bengali, deoband, deobandi, eid, events, fiqh, fultali, fultholi, general, hadith, hajj, hilaal, hilal, islam, madina, makkah, masjid, moonsighting, mosque, muslim, news, polemics, quran, ramadhan, religion, scholars, signs of allah, sufi, sufism, sylhet, sylheti, tabligh, tablighi, the prophet, ummah, unity, wahabi | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments »

when does ramadan start this year.?

Posted by Abd Al Mustafa on Friday 13th July, 2012

The month of fasting this year will begin on July 20 and the celebration of Eid Al-Fitr will be on Aug. 19, according to a senior Islamic scholar in the Kingdom. Member of the Council of Senior Scholars Sheikh Abdullah Al-Manie said fasting will end on Saturday Aug. 18.

 The days related to religious occasions and rites will have to be confirmed by the sighting of the new moon and royal orders.

** notice how it says “and royal orders“. so if the king decides to start the new month a day early or late, does that mean that the muslims in the UK/USA are legally bound to follow those dates also.?? is the saudi king an authority over muslims beyond saudi borders.?? **

plz plz, those who follow saudi on this plz let us have ur thoughts. jazakallah! sadly, it seems that saudi will have their first taraweeh on thursday night. so another split this year.

Posted in aqida, awliya allah, bangla, bangladesh, bengali, deoband, deobandi, eid, events, fiqh, fultali, fultholi, general, hadith, hajj, hilaal, hilal, islam, madina, makkah, masjid, moonsighting, mosque, muslim, news, polemics, quran, ramadhan, religion, scholars, shaban, signs of allah, sylhet, sylheti, tabligh, tablighi, the prophet, umrah, unity, wahabi | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Dis-united Ramadan & Eidain – the root cause

Posted by Abd Al Mustafa on Thursday 12th July, 2012

mufti yusuf danka, imam of croydon mosque states,

In 2006, I (Muhammad Yusuf Danka) attended a meeting with the Director General of London Central Masjid Dr Ahmed Dubiyan. This meeting was attended by 20 management members of the West London Masajid and Shaykhul Hadith Molana Samirud-Deen Qasmi حفظه الله from Manchester. In this meeting, Dr Dubiyan stated: ‘In our own Masjid here, there was a meeting and we in UK agreed to unite on the moon sighting announcements and criteria for this country, however, the Jamiatul Ulama Britain & Hizbul Ulama UK changed their minds the very next year, from this, our own attendees complained to us why we were not following Saudi when others who were not Arab did so, this made matters very difficult for us, even after being from a Saudi background, we (London Central Mosque) have no objection in not following the Saudi announcement.

If today, the Scholars of this country agree to unite on the specific criteria, we are ready to adopt that also.

A little history on the the whole matter

In 1984, there was an international conference held in London Central Masjid & Cultural Centre (Regents Park) for the purpose of discussing the Moon Sighting criteria of the UK:

This meeting was attended by approximately 350 Scholars from various Countries around the World, among the participants were: The Grand Mufti of Egypt, Scholars from Europe and also numerous Scholars from the UK who were specifically chosen from their association or work within a certain group of the Muslims (Da’wah Tabligh, Brelvi, Salafi etc), from the side of Jamiatul Ulama Britain, Mufti Aslam was invited, the foundation for sighting of the crescent moon to establish the new Islamic month in the UK was that the moon had to be sighted with the naked eye (Muhaqaq Ru’yat Basari). The outcome of the conference was that all the Scholars present unanimously agreed to abide by the agreed criteria. There were 30 senior Scholars from the UK present, all of whom confirmed their agreement to adopting the criteria by signing their names to it. The agreed criteria was then sent to the Grand Mufti of India, Hadhrat Mufti Abdur Raheem Lajpuri رحمه الله . The acceptance and confirmation of the criteria of 1984 is mentioned in the book Fatawa Raheemiya by Hadhrat Mufti Abdur Raheem Lajpuri رحمه الله

However, even after the conference, the unanimous agreement and all the following events, the very next year, Jamiatul Ulama Britain & Hizbul Ulama UK broke their oath and unanimous agreement to the United Moon Sighting Criteria which was written at the Regents Park Masjid conference.                                                                                              [source]

Posted in aqida, awliya allah, bangla, bangladesh, bengali, deoband, deobandi, eid, events, fiqh, fultali, fultholi, general, hadith, hajj, hilaal, hilal, islam, madina, makkah, masjid, moonsighting, mosque, muslim, news, polemics, quran, ramadhan, religion, scholars, shaban, signs of allah, sylhet, sylheti, tabligh, tablighi, the prophet, umrah, unity, wahabi | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »